B. The Start Frame Delimiter in the 802.3 Preamble
C. The TTL in the IP header
D. The acknowledgement number in the segment header
E. The frame check sequence in the Ethernet frame trailer
The Transport layer can provide reliable networking via acknowledgments, sequencing, and flow control.Acknowledgments Delivered segments are acknowledged to the sender. If they are not acknowledged, the sender will retransmit.Sequencing Data segments are sequenced into their original order when they arrive at the destination.
Flow Control Provides buffer controls that prevent packet flooding to the destination host. Buffers store bursts of data for processing when the transmission is complete.
Layer 4 protocols include the following:
Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
User Datagram Protocol (UDP)
Sequenced Packet Exchange (SPX)A reliable communications protocol created by Novell